The basic agreement stipulated that the Japanese government would not issue passports that we would honor for visits to the United States in laboratories, skilled and unskilled workers, except those who had previously lived in the United States or had direct relatives in the United States. The Russo-Japanese War was a military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan, which took place from 1904 to 1905. Much of the fighting took place in what is now northeast China. The Russo-Japanese War was also a naval conflict in which ships in the . Sometimes enabling treaties that create an international organization leave a procedural or voting issue unresolved. Instead of modifying the formal document, which is usually a difficult task, an informal working arrangement is developed to solve a specific problem. As long as consensus holds to comply with the informal agreement, it is not necessary to incorporate it into a legal document. On April 18, 1906, the Board of Education in San Francisco, California, separated all students of Japanese descent in “the Eastern Public School for Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans.” Japanese Americans were outraged by what they believed to be a violation of the 1894 treaty that guaranteed them the right to immigration. As the problem intensified, the governments of Japan and the United States intervened to maintain diplomatic peace. The 1907 Gentleman`s Agreement collection in DIVA brings together primary source documents, including telegrams, letters, and confidential memos from 1906 to 1908, detailing the discussions of Theodoore Roosevelt, Elihu Root, Kazuo Matsubara, and others. Newspaper clippings and magazine articles in the United States and Japan show the real impact of their decisions. (continued) The Gentleman`s Agreement of 1907 was an agreement between the United States of America and Japan. It was called the Gentleman`s Agreement because the two parties had not signed a formal agreement and it was hoped that both would honor it as two gentlemen would honor an informal agreement.

It was an informal agreement between the two governments. Under this agreement, Japan would prevent all Japanese immigrants from coming to the United States. On the other hand, the United States agreed to end discriminatory policies and guarantee equal rights for Japanese citizens in California. The agreement worked and defused tensions between the two nations. Although agreements between individuals often create legally binding obligations, cases can arise when mutual commitments do not result in a legally enforceable agreement. Sometimes called “gentlemen`s agreements,” the parties may honor them because moral obligations force respect or because future relations become more difficult if the current agreement is broken. International organizations can also rely on such informal arrangements to preserve compassion among members. After the Russo-Japanese War and the San Francisco earthquake, the city of San Francisco announced that it would separate schools and assign Japanese students to all Japanese schools. The Japanese opposed it, and President Roosevelt negotiated an informal agreement in which the Japanese would limit the number of Japanese coming to the United States and end segregation. The agreement provided that Japanese immigrants who were already in the United States could bring their wives, parents or children from Japan to the United States. This provision allowed Japanese men in the United States to marry a partner in Japan and then bring him to the United States. As a result, the Japanese immigrant population in California continued to grow.

Eventually, the U.S. Congress passed the Immigration Act of 1924. This law prohibited all Asians from emigrating to the United States of America. The Japanese government has taken responsibility for ensuring that passports issued to businessmen, academics and students are issued only to those who obtained the passports under the terms of the agreement. As part of the agreement, the Japanese agreed to provide the United States with statistics on the number of Japanese who received passports. The Japanese government was angered by this decision and protested. President Roosevelt became personally involved when he had a meeting with the school board. After the meeting, he instructed Foreign Minister Root to make a deal with the Japanese.

This agreement was never a formal agreement, but a series of agreements that became known as the Gentleman`s Agreement. Japan was willing to limit immigration to the United States, but was deeply violated by San Francisco`s discriminatory law specifically targeting its population. President Roosevelt, who wanted to maintain good relations with Japan as a counterweight to Russian expansion in the Far East, intervened. While the U.S. ambassador reassured the Japanese government, Roosevelt summoned the mayor and school board of San Francisco to the White House in February 1907 and persuaded them to lift the segregation order, promising that the federal government itself would address the immigration issue. On the 24th. In February, the gentlemen`s agreement with Japan was signed in the form of a Japanese note agreeing to deny passports to workers who intend to enter the United States and recognizing the U.S. right to exclude Japanese immigrants with passports originally issued to other countries. .